Hoa Lu Ancient Capital of Vietnam

Hoa Lu Ancient Capital of Vietnam

Hoa Lu Ancient Capital is really an important cultural and historical site of great value in Vietnam that gets a lot of attention from people and central government.

Hoa Lu Ancient Capital of Vietnam

Hoa Lu Ancient Capital owns its great values of important culture & history in Vietnam that gets more and more attention from Vietnamese people and their central government.

Hoa Lu ancient capital

The great historical value of Hoa Lu old capital

After victorious battle against Chinese, Ngo Quyen got the country's complete independence and ended a thousand year Chinese domination in 938, our country faced up with the situation of cival wars fighting between 12 rebels for decades.In 968, Dinh Bo Linh reunified the country under the name of Dai Co Viet (Grand Viet),ascended to the throne and took the name of King Dinh Tien Hoang. Hoa Lu was chosen as the country’s capital for 41 years (968 - 1009). The first 12 years were under Dinh Dynasty while the rest were under Le Dynasty with King Le Dai Hanh. In 1010,King Ly Thai To did a strategic decision to remove the capital from Hoa Lu to Thang Long (present Hanoi) to open a new stage of Vietnam history. Hoa Lu was then considerd as an ancient capital with a lot of historical values worth for your visit when travelling to Ninh Binh.

Hoa Lu Ancient capital- Dinh Temple

The reasons why Hoa Lu was chosen as the capital?

Hoa Lu was chosen as the capital of Dai Co Viet by King Dinh Tien Hoang for these reasons.Hoa Lu was the native village where Kinh Dinh Tien Hoang was born and grown up.There was an old story saying that Kinh Dinh Tien Hoang worked for his uncle and used to tend buffaloes during his childhood time.Together with other children in the region, they organised many fake battles riding on buffaloes using sticks to fight against eachother.When his group won the battle, Dinh Tien Hoang slaughted his uncle's buffalo to celebrate their victory. When he grew up, he united people for his powerful group,then smartly negociated the small groups to follow him.If they refused his request, he would use the powerful military to conquer. At the end, he reunited the country under his control with his native village Hoa Lu to be the country's capital.

Hoa Lu ancient capital buffalo

Moreover, Hoa Lu lays in a flat valley surrounded by high limestone mountains, which form a natural wall protecting the capital. Hoa Lu’s northwest is bordered by the Hoang Long River connecting with red river & sea, the tributaries of which run through the capital, cooling the weather within the city and serving as convenient waterways. Hoa Lu with its defensive position was worth locating the capital to protect the country safely from the northern invaders.Even when the country faced up with the threat of invasion, a good river system surrounding Hoa Lu could be a convenient way to withdraw effectively !

What to see in Hoa Lu capital ?

As the capital of the country for 41 years, Hoa Lu did have many palaces, pagodas, tombs and pavilions that were built by different dynasties.However, many vestiges have been destroyed due to time,weather & wars.The remains of Hoa Lu ancient capital that you could visit are two famous temples built in 17th century. The first temple is Dinh temple dedicated to King Dinh Tien Hoang & his family.The other temple located 500 meters away from Dinh Temple is Le temple worshiping Kinh Le Dai Hanh, his family & head mandrins.It will be great to know about the legendary stories of King Dinh Tien Hoang, Kinh Le Dai Hanh & their family’s tragedies and the country’s destiny in early stage of an independent kingdom. Apart from these temples, you also can visit the vestiges of royal palace with small exhibition nearby Le temple, the Bao Thien Tue palace, which was plated with gold and silver, some beautiful pagodas like Ngan Xuyen pagoda, Nhat Tru pagoda.

Hoa Lu ancient capital gate

Hoa Lu festival - the great cultural value !

Trip to Hoa Lu ancient capital, visitor can not only visit historical places but also attend traditional cultural festivals here .The most important and largest one is Truong Yen festival. It is held annually on the 10th -13th of the March (lunar calandar) with the purpose of commemorating the two kings Dinh Tien Hoang and Le Dai Hanh.This festival includes a chain of events that regain the spirit of the ancient Emperors: the March of Water, the Rituals for Dinh and Le Emperors, the performance of the old times, the Battles of DinhTien Hoang when he was a child, Cheo and Tuong performances, and a beauty contest for Hoa Lu women. This festival brings back the memories of the old times, and helps the young people to have chance to know more about the traditions of their ancestors.

Hoa Lu ancient capital - mountain

How to get to Hoa Lu ?

Hoa Lu ancient capital is about 100km far from Hanoi and will take us 2.5 hour drive to get there.You can join us in a group day tour from Hanoi to visit Hoa Lu.Such a tour usually includes a boat ride to visit Tam Coc or Trang An as well. The tour begins in the morning and ends in the late afternoon in Hanoi. If you would like to have better service,connecting Hoa Lu and other destinations in Ninh Binh, you can book a Hoa Lu Tam Coc or Trang An private tour or a private car rental with driver to Ninh Binh for a relaxed and flexible trip.

For more information about Vietnam, Vietnam Tours & travel services, feel free to contact us for helpful consultancy ! Enjoy your holidays in Vietnam.

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